Games that use Card Drafting have players pick cards from a limited, communal pool. Like a sports league’s draft, all the cards in this pool are available to each player, but the players take turns picking the cards they need. Ticket to Ride is a popular card drafting game.
Keep in mind that games where cards are only drawn from a pile (UNO, Poker and countless others) are not card drafting. Drafting implies that players have a choice in the cards they receive. The aforementioned Ticket to Ride has a game mechanic where you can choose to blindly draw cards from the top of a deck, but Ticket to Ride is still considered a card drafting game because players are given the option of choosing face up cards from the same deck.